Pocket atlas of radiographic anatomy / Torsten B. Moeller, Emil Reif.—2nd ed., rev. and Despite the introduction of digital radiography, the process of obtaining. 10 Interventional Radiology Visit plicanodfratran.ga for more great products and special offers. .. elegant brain atlas while the disorder module. Radiology. September. I. Book. Review_______________________. Atlas of Radiologic. Anatomy. 5th ed. Edited by Lothar. Wicke,. MD, FICA. Malvern.
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Vascular & Interventional Radiology Handbook Department of Radiology Interior of skull showing foramina (Atlas of Human Anatomy, 4th edition, Plate 11) . Radiography of the musculoskeletal system / authors: A. Mark C1 (atlas) may be fractured by a vertical force acting through the skull. The WHO manual of diagnostic imaging: radiographic anatomy and . (ICRE) of the International Society of Radiology (ISR) is creating a series of “WHO.
Cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis: Clinical features and their influence on survival. Thorax ; Wells A. Clinical usefulness of high resolution computed tomography in cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis. Thorax ; 53 12 : The chest radiographic findings in emphysema may be divided into four types: hyperinflation, vascular change, bullae, and increased markings.
Hyperinflation and vascular change are the usual predominant finding, with hyperinflation reflecting functional abnormality and vascular change reflecting lung destruction. Hyperinflation is indicated by a number of signs, e. Bullae are common and diagnostic in the presence of the above mentioned findings. The emphysemas: Radiologicpathologic correlations. Radiographics ; Pugatch RD. The radiology of emphysema, Clin Chest Med , Simon G. Radiology and emphysema.
Clin Radiol ; Thurlbeck WM, Simon G. Radiographic appearance of the chest in emphysema. American Journal of Roentgenology ;, If multiple, consider possibility of septic emboli. Bacterial lung abscess generally form a thick-walled cavity with a shaggy inner lining. The wall may be thick at first, but with further necrosis and coughing up of necrotic material it becomes thinner. David Sutton. Text book of radiology and imaging 7th edn , Churchill Livingstone ; 1 Hood MR. Bacterial diseases of the lung.
Philadelphia, Pa: Lea and Febiger; ; A hiatus hernia appears as a round soft-tissue mass often containing either gas or an air-fluid level behind the heart, usually to the left of the midline in the posterior mediastinum.
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The larger hernias can also contain small intestine, colon and liver. The diagnosis is readily confirmed by a lateral film, or a barium meal, which shows the stomach above the diaphragm. Romano M. Bronchi may be narrowed by external compression or mural granulomata and fibrosis with post-obstruction atelectasis. End-stage sarcoidosis typically shows scaring from the hilum into upper and mid zones especially the lower part of the upper lobes.
The degree of hilar node enlargement ranges from barely detectable to massive. The adult respiratory distress syndrome. In the fully developed form of the disease the radiographic findings are remarkably uniform and include the following: CT scans.
Soriano C. Lannuzzi M. Schneider HJ. Ulreich S. The densities progress in severity to produce confluent opacification. The earliest changes are variable and may include focal atelectasis. Signs of interstitial edema. Rabinowicz JG. Petty TL. Gross BH. A new diagnostic aid.
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Joffe N. The diagnosis. Eggshell calcification of lymph nodes: An update. The shadowing is usually symmetric from side-to-side. The loss of volume is usually concentrated in the lower lobes but may be generalized. Can Assoc Radiol J Dales RE. As the interstitial fibrosis progresses. Honey comb appearance is very apparent on CT chest. Moderately enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes are a frequent finding on CT. With gross fibrosis. Interlobular interstitial thickening manifest as very fine reticulation or areas of ground-glass opacification.
The Internet Journal of Pulmonary Medicine Don CJ. Pneumothorax occurs occasionally. With progression of the disease. The Internet Journal of Internal Medicine Francisco J Leyva. Neimatullah M. Another common pattern is hazy. Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Disease: A Practical Approach.
Desmarias RL. The radiographic prevalence of hilar and mediastinal adenopathy in adult cystic fibrosis. Armando J Huaringa. Quick Review: Cystic Fibrosis. The earliest CT sign of fibrosing alveolitis is faint subpleural opacification in the posterobasal segments of the lower lobes. Charles W Perry. Bradley J Phillips. Volume loss is characterized by diaphragmatic elevation and depression of the fissures.
Sherrier RH. Vascular signs include increased transradiancy. Wells A. Simon G. The emphysemas: Radiologic—pathologic correlations. Shannon RH. Hyperinflation and vascular change are the usual predominant finding. Johnson A. Bullae are common and diagnostic in the presence of the above mentioned findings.
American Journal of Roentgenology Turner-Warwick M. Bacterial lung abscess generally form a thick-walled cavity with a shaggy inner lining. Lea and Febiger. Pulmonology 15 2. Thorax Roggli VL. Pugatch RD. Gimenez EI.
Radiographic appearance of the chest in emphysema. Burrows B. Foster WL Jr. Text book of radiology and imaging 7th edn. Thurlbeck WM. Roubidoux MA. Bacterial diseases of the lung. Hood MR. The wall may be thick at first. The radiology of emphysema. If multiple. Hyperinflation is indicated by a number of signs. Radiology and emphysema. Cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis: Clinical features and their influence on survival.
Clin Chest Med The chest radiographic findings in emphysema may be divided into four types: Clinical usefulness of high resolution computed tomography in cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis. Shields TW Eds: General Thoracic Surgery 4th edn. The diagnosis is readily confirmed by a lateral film. The larger hernias can also contain small intestine. A hiatus hernia appears as a round soft-tissue mass often containing either gas or an air-fluid level behind the heart.
With large paraesophageal hernias. The diagnosis is also often confirmed by CT which shows the contrast medium-filled stomach above the diaphragm surrounding fatty tissue.
Churchill Livingstone. Inhomogeneous opacities seen in right upper and mid zones arrow with right hilar lymphadenopathy. Tuberculous mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Primary Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Superior mediastinal widening is seen due to tuberculous lymphadenopathy.
Inhomogeneous shadowing seen in right upper and mid zones due to tuberculous infiltrates. Patchy infiltration visible in the left mid zone along with widening of the superior mediastinum due to lymphadenopathy.
Nodular opacities seen in the right upper zone with mediastinal lymphadenopathy on the right side arrow. Primary Tuberculosis. Postprimary Tuberculosis.
Right sided mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Bilateral tuber- culous infiltration and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Fibrocavitatory lesions in the right upper zone due to tuberculosis arrow. Postprimary Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Right para-tracheal and bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy also seen along with miliary mottling.
Miliary Tuberculosis. Bilateral emphysematous changes with narrow tubular heart shadow. Miliary tuberculosis and left sided pneumothorax white arrows and pneumomediastinum black arrow Pneumothorax rarely seen in miliary tuberculosis. Consolidation of the right lower lobe is also seen due to secondary bacterial infection. Hilar and superior mediastinal lymphadenopathy is also apparent. A Miliary mottling more on left side.
B An enlarged view showing miliary mottling. Chronic Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Partial consolidation of right upper lobe and a large cavity in left upper zone arrow with raised left dome of diaphragm.
Wide spread nodular shadowing.
Reactivation Tuberculosis. Fibrocavitatory lesions bilaterally more extensive in right upper zone. A case of healed pulmonary tuberculosis apparent from fibrotic changes in both the lungs. Tenting of right hemidiaphragm. Reactivation is visible in the form of a thick walled cavity in the left lung arrows.
Trachea is pulled to the right side. Calcified granuloma Tuberculomas in a patient treated for tuberculosis arrows. Calcified granuloma is also visible in right middle zone white arrow. Tuberculous cavity with secondary infection in left lung black arrow. Relatively smaller nodules seen above it Biopsy proven tuberculoma.
A large well-defined soft tissue mass with some calcifications. Tuberculoma in the right lung arrow. Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Post-tuberculous fibrosis and scar ring arrow especially in left upper zone and tenting of left hemi- diaphragm. Post-tuberculous fibrosis of right lung with ipsilateral shifting of mediastinum and elevation of right dome of diaphragm.
Pleural calcification and calcified lymph nodes at the right hilum. Bilateral apical fibrosis with punctate calcification secondary to tuberculosis. Fibrocavitatory tuberculosis of left lung along with lobar pneumonia right upper lobe due to secondary bacterial infection.
Post-tuberculous Cavitations. Fibrocavitatory pulmonary tuberculosis of both lungs in a patient with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis.
Thick walled cavitatory lesions in the upper and basal segments of right upper lobe arrows. Such cavities are a good site for Aspergilloma formation arrows. Thick walled tuberculous cavitations in the right lung arrows. Post-tuberculous cavitations with fibrotic changes. Loculated pneumothorax in right costophrenic angle black arrow. Calcified pleural plaques also seen along the right dome of diaphragm.
Emphysematous changes also seen in both the lungs.
Post-tubercular pleural calcification. Band atelectasis in right lower zone white arrow. Post-tuberculous bands. Interlacing pattern of pleural calcification especially on the right side arrow. A large oval lobulated shadow with internal calcifications seen in right hilar region indicating lymphadenopathy CT guided biopsy of the mass showed caseating granulomas compatible with tuberculosis. Hilar lymphadenopathy also seen on right side with some calcifica- tions Fluid analysis showed exudate with predominant lymphocytes but no growth of mycobacteria.
Elevated left dome of diaphragm with volume loss seen on the left side because of partial collapse of left lower lobe. Small left sided pleural effusion also seen. Series of chest X-rays of biopsy proven case of tuberculosis: Large oval opacity with fuzzy margins seen in the left middle and lower zones over- lapping left border of the heart. Marked improvement seen in the form of reduction in the size of mass on the left side with regression of hilar lymph nodes on right side lung expansion also noted Clinically patient also had hoarseness of voice due to compression of left recurrent laryngeal nerve.
Further improvement noted on this chest X-ray. Tuberculous Bronchopneumonia. Bilateral tuberculous bronchopneumonia with loculated pneumothorax on right side arrows. Cavitations seen on the left side with left upper lobe consolidation with hilar and pleural calcifications.
Patchy alveolar opacities seen due to bronchial spread. Widespread patchy opacities with air-bronchogram in the right lung.
Tuberculous consolidation-collapse left upper lobe. Tuberculous bronchopneumonia. Thickening of pleura seen in interlobar fissure on the right side arrow. Aspergilloma in a tuberculous cavity white arrow.
Large thick walled cavity with a rounded opacity inside with a translucent rim around black arrow. Fibrotic changes seen bilaterally with a large cavity left side containing a dense mass with air-crescent around arrow. Aspergilloma in a tuberculous cavity. Soft tissue density with air crescent around.
Cavity in the left apex with soft tissue mass inside. Bilateral post-tuberculous cavities with large fungus ball seen in one of the cavity surrounded by radiolucent crescent all around.
Aspergilloma in a post-tuberculous cavity. There is also pleural adhesion in the right lung with right hilar lymphadenopathy. Multiple irregular and linear opacities seen bilaterally without any hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Invasive Broncho-pulmonary Aspergillosis. Early and Late Aspergillosis. Cavitating lesion at the left apex.
Axial CT chest. Hyperinflated lung fields and tubular heart also visible due to emphysema. Cystic bronchiectasis in right middle and lower zones with consolidation. Bilateral bronchiectasis involving middle and lower zones. Contrast seen in right lung airways arrows. Cystic Bronchiectasis. Cystic bronchiectasis in right middle lobe and medial segment of right lower lobe. Multiple lucencies with air fluid levels in middle and lower zones of left lung.
Bronchography Right Oblique View. Post-tuberculous Bronchiectasis. Honey combing with cystic bronchiectasis in right middle and lower lobes and left lingular and apical basal segments with associated consolidation. Bilateral hilar and right tracheobronchial lymphadenopathy also visible.
CT scan chest axial section lung window showing bronchiectasis of apical segment of right lower lobe with pleural thickening.
Thick walled bronchi with bilateral cystic changes and fibrosis. CT scan chest showing bilateral bronchiectasis and cardiomegaly due to cor pulmonale. Multiple bronchiectatic cavities right apical and left lingular segments.
Pleural thickening of right lung is also seen. Bronchiectasis with Cor pulmonale. Course and thick bronchial shadows seen in both lower zones with cystic bronchiectatic changes. Bronchiectatic changes. Multiple pneumatoceles seen above consolidation arrow. Mycoplasma pneumonia. Staphylococcal pneumonia. Reticulonodular shadowing is seen bilaterally but more clearly marked on the right side.
Consolidation with partial collapse seen in the left lower zone with elevated left dome of diaphragm.
Right Lower Lobe Pneumonia.
Right costophrenic angle is obliterated due to pleural effusion. Opacity due to consolidation of right lower lobe. Cardiomegaly is also present due to underlying ischemic heart disease. Smalll amount of pleural effusion seen on the right side. Atypical Pneumonia. Air space shadowing right lower lobe and left lower lobe. Bilateral reticulonodular shadowing especially in the right lower zone. Consolidation of left lower lobe with mild left pleural effusion.
Air bronchogram sign is seen. Pneumonia Left Lower Lobe. Trachea is central but the interlobar fissure has been pulled up. Consolidation-collapse Right Upper Lobe.
Right upper lobe consolidation with partial collapse. Post-pneumonic Pneumatoceles. Consolidation and collapse of right lower lobe. Multiple cavities in the right middle and lower zones. Pneumonia Right Lower Lobe. Loss of translucency over the lower thoracic vertebra obliterating posterior costophrenic angle indicating pleural effusion.
Left upper lobe consolidation due to pneumonia. Left Lower Lobe Pneumonia. Left lower lobe consolidation with partial collapse due to pneumonia. Emphysematous changes and narrow tubular heart shadow.
Consolidation of left lower lobe with air bronchogram. Collapse of left upper lobe. Compensatory emphysema of right lung with herniation to the contralateral side. Consolidation of left upper lobe with air bronchogram. Homogenous opacity overlying the heart. Tubercular Pneumonia Left Upper Lobe. Right lung is hyperinflated with nodular opacities in the apex. Consolidation of Right Middle Lobe.
Opacity along the left heart border with elevated diaphragm and reduced lung volume on left side. Cardiomegaly with bilateral inhomogeneous opacities silhouetting both heart borders.
Lingular and lower lobe consolidation. Obliterated right costophrenic angle due to small effusion. Heart is enlarged with unfolding of aortic arch.
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Klebsiella was grown from the sputum. Consolidation of left lower lobe and part of Lingular lobe. Homogenous opacity in left lower zone arrow. Patient has been a chronic smoker.
Fibrocavitating lesion in left apex with bilateral honey combing and consolidation of right middle and lower zones as well as left lingular and lower lobe segments. Consolidation of the right middle lobe. Segmental consolidation involving the right lower lobe in a patient with COPD. Bronchopneumonia with right pleural effusion. Showing bilateral inhomogeneous opacities in the lower zones more marked on the right side. Patchy opacities in both middle and lower zones with obliteration of right costophrenic angle.
Right Lung Collapse. Opaque right hemithorax with ipsilateral shift of mediastinum due to complete collapse of right lung. Lingular lobe consolidation.
Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia. The patient was undergoing chemotherapy for acute myeloblastic leukemia. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in a patient with AIDS. Diffuse inhomogeneous shadowing seen in both lungs. Bilateral peri- hilar and ground glass changes. Pneumocystis carinii infection. Bilateral Pneumonia.
B Chest X-rays show bilateral progressively increasing multiple alveolar opacities. D CT scan shows multiple bilateral alveolar opacities with air bronchogram with distorsion of air spaces and peri-bronchial thickenning. Multiple air space shadows seen bilaterally due to bacterial pneumonia. Bronchiolitis Obliterans with Organizing Pneumonia. Collapse of the left lung caused by carcinoma of the left main bronchus with compensatory emphysema on opposite side. Consolidation left lower and lingular lobe due to pneumonia with small pleural effusion.
Small calcified opacities seen in both lung fields following a previous chickenpox infection. Left lower lobe consolidation due to pneumonia air bronchogram sign positive. Consolidation Left Lower Lobe. Patient presented with dysphagia. Pulmonary Hydatid Cysts. A large hydatid cyst seen in the right lung upper and middle zones pressing trachea and superior mediastinum.
Two large rounded opacities partly over lapping each other seen in the right lung. Anti-echinococcal antibody titers were markedly raised but no evidence of hydatid cyst elsewhere in the body was present. Infected hydatid cyst left mid and lower zone with pleural reaction seen. Right sided pleural effusion.
Moderate right sided pleural effusion. Homogeneous opacity with concave upper margin and obliteration of right costophrenic angle. Right sided loculated pleural effusion. Widening of mediastinum due to lymphadenopathy. Moderate left sided pleural effusion with contralateral shift of mediastinum. Loculated Tuberculous Empyema.
Left heart order obliterated silhouette sign with mediastinal and right hilar lymphadenopathy. Tuberculous Pleural Effusion. Loculated empyema on right side with fibro- thorax. Moderate left sided pleural effusion. Mediastinum is central. Large opacity in the right lung with sharp medial border and right dense curvilinear band in the middle and lower zones. Patchy infiltration seen in the middle zone on the right side.
Heart is shifted to the contralateral side. No evidence of air- bronchogram. Contralateral shift of mediastinum. Right sided hilar and para-tracheal lymphadenopathy. Right hemithorax is homogeneously opaque. Massive right sided pleural effusion.
Massive pleural effusion on left side. Mediastinum is shifted towards opposite side. Malignant pleural effusion in a case of carcinoma bronchus with lymphangiitic spread in the right upper zone. Dense opacity seen in the left mid and lower zones with concave upper border. Left upper zone is showing post- tuberculous scarring and fibrosis. Pockets of pneumothorax with pleural adhesions on the right side. Tension pneumothorax on the right side with widening of intercostal spaces and depression of right dome of diaphragm.
Large hydropneumothorax on the right side. Moderate pneumothorax with partial collapse of right lung which is also showing bulla in its upper part arrow. Small pleural effusion on the right side. Large hydropneumothorax on right side with contralateral mediastinal shift. Left sided hydropneumothorax. Consolidation of the left lower lobe with a thick walled cavity above is also seen. Large right sided hydro pyo pneumothorax.
Right sided hydropneumothorax with a large bulla seen in the partially collapsed right lung white arrow. Hydropneumothorax right side. Left sided partial pneumothorax. Carcinoma Bronchus. Carcinoma bronchus with post-obstructive consolidation in the left upper lobe. Large oval opacity seen in the right upper lobe. Eccentric cavitation also visible in the upper and lateral part.
Irregular mass seen at the left hilum. Carcinoma bronchus with post-obstructive pneumonia. Right lower zone is hypertransradiant.
Non-homogeneous opacity in right upper lobe anterior and apical segments sparing the posterior segments. Cavitations seen within the opacity. Superior mediastinal lymphadenopathy present. Right hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy also present. Large inhomo- geneous opacity seen in the right lung. Carcinoma Bronchus Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Mass in the right middle and lower zone with right hilar lymphadenopathy. Pancoast Tumor. Large well-defined homogeneous opacity occupying whole of the right upper and mid zones.
Elevated right dome of diaphragm due to phrenic nerve palsy is visible. Also right 3rd and 4th ribs show lytic lesions posteriorly. Large mass with irregular and lobulated margins seen in the left lung. Oval shaped opacity in left upper mid zone with ill-defined margins and erosion of the ribs arrow. Irregular mass in the right hilar area with post-obstructive segmental consolidation seen in the right upper and middle zones.
Thorax ; Wells A. Clinical usefulness of high resolution computed tomography in cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis. Thorax ; 53 12 : The chest radiographic findings in emphysema may be divided into four types: hyperinflation, vascular change, bullae, and increased markings.
Hyperinflation and vascular change are the usual predominant finding, with hyperinflation reflecting functional abnormality and vascular change reflecting lung destruction. Hyperinflation is indicated by a number of signs, e. Bullae are common and diagnostic in the presence of the above mentioned findings.
The emphysemas: Radiologicpathologic correlations. Radiographics ; Pugatch RD. The radiology of emphysema, Clin Chest Med , Simon G. Radiology and emphysema. Clin Radiol ; Thurlbeck WM, Simon G. Radiographic appearance of the chest in emphysema. American Journal of Roentgenology ;, If multiple, consider possibility of septic emboli. Bacterial lung abscess generally form a thick-walled cavity with a shaggy inner lining. The wall may be thick at first, but with further necrosis and coughing up of necrotic material it becomes thinner.
David Sutton. Text book of radiology and imaging 7th edn , Churchill Livingstone ; 1 Hood MR. Bacterial diseases of the lung. Philadelphia, Pa: Lea and Febiger; ; A hiatus hernia appears as a round soft-tissue mass often containing either gas or an air-fluid level behind the heart, usually to the left of the midline in the posterior mediastinum. The larger hernias can also contain small intestine, colon and liver.
The diagnosis is readily confirmed by a lateral film, or a barium meal, which shows the stomach above the diaphragm. The diagnosis is also often confirmed by CT which shows the contrast medium-filled stomach above the diaphragm surrounding fatty tissue.Torsten B.
Reiser M: Weir, P. Israel HL. Chiles C. New York: Radiological aspects of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. Review article: General collateral ligament: A case of healed pulmonary tuberculosis apparent from fibrotic changes in both the lungs.